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  • American Pinzgauer Association
  • PO Box 1080
  • Kiowa, Colorado 80117

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American Pinzgauer Association
Standard Breed Characteristics
Adopted September 24, 1986
Updated February 23, 2013

The Pinzgauer breed of cattle is an ancient Austrian Alpine breed. The coat color is naturally black or red with its unique white markings. The breed can be either horned or polled. Pinzgauer cattle are a moderate sized breed with heavy bone structure. They have great body length, a moderate to heavy dewlap, dark hooves with a great disposition. Pinzgauers have the breed-typical white pattern in common-a broad white stripe lengthwise along the whole back and white under the abdomen, chest, udder and tail.


  1. Masculine but proportionate to body
  2. Wide muzzle
  3. Wide and open nostrils
  4. Good width between eyes
  1. Feminine, refined but proportionate to body
  2. Wide muzzle
  3. Wide and open nostrils
  4. Clean throat latch and jaws
  1. Short, dished face
  2. Long, narrow


  1. Medium to long in length
  2. Moderate crest and dewlap development
  3. Muscular, blends smoothly into body
  1. Medium to long in length
  2. Moderate dewlap development
  3. Clean cut, blends smoothly into body
  1. Thick, course necked cows
  2. Thin necked bulls
  3. Excessive Crest in bulls
  4. Clean dewlap area in cows


  1. Well muscled, smooth, masculine
  2. Thickly muscled with definition of forearm muscling
  1. Smooth and moderately muscled
  2. A cleaner, less wasty front end, blending smoothly into rest of body
  1. Loose, open shoulders
  2. Lack of muscling on forearm
  3. Overly excessive heavy brisket in cows


Bulls & Females
  1. Full and wide chest floor
  2. Full heart girth with ample capacity
  1. Protruding and/or heavy brisket
  2. Pinched or narrow heart girth
  3. Narrow chest floor


Bulls & Females
  1. Long back with natural thickness down top
  2. Ribs well sprung from backbone, well arched with good length to give good depth of body and capacity
  1. Short middle or short coupling, cobby
  2. Tight ribs and middle giving appearance of a barrel belly
  3. Weak or easy topline
  4. Hump back


Bulls & Females
  1. Tail head smoothly attached
  2. Rump long, naturally thick, moderate slope from hook to pins
  1. Extremely sloping rump
  2. Extreme muscle definition
  3. Completely level or flat rump (in females) indicating excessive fat deposits around reproductive organs


  1. Thick and deep, meeting well down to the hocks
  2. Long with well-developed stifle, muscle extending well into flank
  1. Deep and full quarters
  1. Shallow round or twist lacking natural thickness
  2. Excessive muscling in cows and/or coarseness
  3. Any indication of double muscling in bulls or cows


  1. Showing ample capacity
  2. High attachment, extending forward and upward in rear
  3. Four teats moderate in size and placed proportionately under the udder
  1. Pendulous udder
  2. Fleshy udder
  3. Large or uneven teats
  4. Less than four teats


  1. Well developed and proportionate in size
  1. Small or under-developed testicles


Bulls & Females
  1. Length proportionate to animal
  2. Well boned or heavy boned
  3. Straight and correctly placed
  1. Crooked front legs
  2. Weak Pastern
  3. Excessive set to hocks (cow hocked)
  4. Post-legged, absence of any set to hocks
  5. Fine boned


  1. Hide to be loose and pliable
  2. Cows – feminine and angular
  3. Bulls – masculine, virile, high libido
  4. Disposition – mild
  5. Size – large and growth for age, fast gaining
  6. Hair - short, straight, slick coat
  7. Color
    • A. Base color to be Black or Red
    • B. The ideal Pinzgauer marking would be to have the base color to continue unbroken forward of the hind quarter
    • C. White on the leg should not extend more than halfway between the knee and hoof, dark hoof is desirable
    • D. Tail - 50% white or more with a white switch
Marking - Discriminations
Bulls & Females
  1. Face: White spot(s) or white faced
  2. Less than 50% white tail and/or non-white switch
  3. One white leg or more
  4. Any base color other than Black or Red


The use of this term for the Breed Standard is to be applied to the show ring first and foremost. All things being equal, animals exhibiting any of the listed discriminations will be downgraded in the show ring. The APA realizes the complexity of the genetic markings involved with the Pinzgauer breed, however, it is desirable that breeders follow the Standard as closely as possible in their breeding program.


The use of this term for the Breed Standard will mean disqualified from the show ring. It is the goal that each and every breeder selectively breed against any disqualifying trait.

  1. Any extreme manifestations of discriminations or combination of discriminations that will be a definite detriment to the improvement of the Pinzgauer breed.
  2. Inherited deformities, such as (but not limited to): Hernia, Cryptorchidism, wry nose, wry tail, double muscle, malformed genetalia, undershot or overshot jaw, dwarfism, etc.
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